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Nano360 - Special Edition - August 2013

Research, Technology & Resources - a quarterly newsletter produced by TAPPI's International Nanotechnology Division

Highlights from the 2013 Nanotechnology Conference

August 2013

Executive Editor: Tony Lyons, Imerys


From Division Chair Sean Ireland, Verso Paper Corp.

What an outstanding conference this year! Over 270 delegates from 28 countries gathered in Stockholm last month at KTH to see what was new in cellulose and renewable nanomaterials. This is showing a large growth in international attendance along with mostly new presentations, posters, and technological advances in the field of sustainable nanomaterials. The amount of positive feedback was incredible for this year's conference.

For those of you who were not able to attend, we've provided a brief summary here. Next year's conference is building off the success of this year and is already being planned. We expect to see a large number of commercial applications presented at next year's conference, making it a very historical moment in the conference history. Make sure to note the dates for the 2014 Conference - 23-26 June 2014 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

The Nano Division is gathering momentum, and growing quickly. We encourage you to join the Division and get involved in one of the three teams. We are looking to recruite a diverse group of people passionate about these materials, the science and potential for the industries of the world. Check out the options later in the newsletter.

Our next issue of Nano360 will be coming out later this summer. Please take the time to send your comments or suggestion on content to Remember we are looking for content in the following areas:

  • Division Activities
  • Webinars
  • ISO and TAPPI Standards Activities
  • Research and Discoveries
  • New Reports
  • New Peer-Reviewed Publications
  • Resources (Peer Reviewed Databases, Websites, etc..)
  • Nanocellulose in the News
  • Nano Happenings across the Globe

We value your thoughts!

Until next time, we all meet at the Atom!

Attendees at TAPPI's 2013 Intenational Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockhlom, Sweden

Provocative Keynotes

Barriers & Coatings

Renewable Materials

Novel Applications

2013 Marcus Wallenberg Prize

Student Poster Winners

Cellulose Nanomaterials

2013 Conference Proceedings

Standards Update

Nano 2014 - Save the date

Get Involved


We express our sincerest appreciation to the theme leaders, speakers, and session chairs for their participation at the 8th International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials.

We very much appreciate your personal contributions and engagement, and know that you share our excitement of being involved in a frontier technology development that can lead to a host of new value-added products. Nanotechnology and renewable materials are a combination that promises to have significant commercial impact for the forest products industry.

We hope that you found great value in attending the conference, both through attending the other sessions as well as networking with colleagues old and new.

Once again, thank you for joining us in Stockholm!

Bruce Lyne, KTH; Phil Jones, IMERYS; Ulla Forsström, VTT


Thank you to all our sponsors for your involvement in the event. TAPPI is increasing its efforts to reach out to students and other younger members, and sponsorships help us to be able to support their attendance and participation. We appreciate your good corporate citizenship!

Royal National Sponsor:

Scandinavian Sponsor:

Student Poster Competition Sponsor:


The path to commercialization was the central theme for the four keynote speakers at the 2013 Nano Conference. The opening keynote presentation was delivered Dr. David Lazarevic, a researcher with KTH's Division of Environmental Strategies Research and the Division of Industrial Ecology. David's presentation was on the value and importance of using life cycle assessments as tools for evaluating the environmental impacts of renewable nanomaterials versus non-renewable nanomaterials.

Continuing on the theme of safe use and handling of nanomaterials, Dr. Jukka Ahtiainen, a Senior Researcher with the Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency, discussed regulatory tools under exploration for ensuring the safety of nanomaterials.

Katja Salmenkivi, Principal, Pöyry Management Consulting presented recent trends in patents on cellulose nanomaterials and the players active the field. Katja shared that a recent Pöyry analysis found that patents issued for cellulose nanomaterials have doubled over the last two years. Most patent activity was related to production of the nanomaterials, while the number of patents for applications remained constant. Applications patents cover a wide range with composites and paper coating accounting for the greatest percentage.

Martha Marrapese, Partner with Keller & Heckman, gave her ten key considerations for successful technology transfer for cellulose nanomaterials. These included time and cost to commercialize, the complimentary roles of government and industry, exploring higher-value product lines en route to entering larger, lower-margin markets, understanding regulatory hurdles, and more. Martha's presentation underscored the many scientific, economic, and regulatory considerations needed to move nanomaterials into the commercial marketplace.


The conference featured several sessions that focused on using cellulose and renewable nanomaterials to improve barriers and coatings, as well as new coating technologies. Substrates and treated surfaces applications ranged from traditional paper grades and polymer films, to cellulose-based films and composites. We've highlighted a few of these presentations to give you an idea of the latest advances in barrier and coatings.

Current approaches involve incorporating either cellulosic or inorganic nanomaterials directly into the furnish, or pre-mixing or reacting these nanomaterials with the fillers or other components. Tiemo Arndt at the Papiertechnische Stiftung (Germany) showed that the addition of cellulose nanomaterials can improve the flocculation of both precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) and kaolin. Katariina Torvinen at VTT (Finland) shared their latest research on using nanoscale calcium silicate hydrate to introduce nanoparticles to the surface of coating fillers.

Cellulose nanomaterials can be formed into films with excellent optical transmittance and low surface roughness. This smooth surface, as compared to traditional paper, provides a good base for printed electronics. Organic filled-effect transistors (been successfully printed on films made from cellulose nanomaterials. Céline Guézénnec with The International School of Paper, Print Media and Biomaterials and the Centre Technique du Papier (France) presented work on using sorbitol in nanocellulose films to improve barrier properties. Christian Aulin with Innventia (Sweden) presented how vermiculite can be used to improve barrier properties in nanocellulose films.


As in years past, several sessions explored the use of cellulose and renewable nanomaterials for use in composite materials for a wide range of applications. Dr. Dylan Boday of IBM (USA) returned to give an update on their work. In 2010, IBM launched a Renewable Materials Initiative to replace petroleum-based products for information technology product applications. This initiative was directed at establishing a roadmap for a sustainable product line, and qualifying new renewable materials. While IBM is exploring many options for incorporating renewable materials, Dylan reported on the fire retardant properties of films made from cellulose nanomaterials.

Dr. Shaul Lapidot from Melodea (Israel) also returned to the Nano Conference to give an update on their use of waste streams from pulp and paper mills to produced renewable foams. Melodea isolates cellulose nanocrystals from the waste streams, and produce foams for core materials in sandwich composites. Their latest work incorporates furan resins to obtain increases in strength and fire retardation properties.

Cellulose nanomaterials are also being investigated for use in cements. Jeffrey Youngblood with Purdue University (USA) presented his work, finding that the incorporation of cellulose nanocrystals into cement can increase the flexural strength, acting as a super plasticizer and stabilizer of cement particles.


For the first time, the Nano Conference featured an entire session devoted to cellulose and renewable nanomaterials being used in medical applications. Dr. Ilari Filpponen from Aalto University (Finland), presented work on immobilizing antibodies on cellulose films for use as a diagnostic tool. Dr. David Plackett with the University of British Columbia's Pharmaceutical Sciences (Canada) presented their latest investigations into the binding and release of specific drugs using cellulose nanomaterials as a substrate.

Dr. Orlando Rojas from North Carolina State University (USA) presented his research team's findings on using nanofibrillated cellulose as a carrier for short peptides assemblies for detection and affinity separation of human gamma globulin (IgG). Their work showed that their system could detect IgG at concentrations as low as 0.05 mg/mL. Dr. Yuvraj Singh Negi from the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee presented work on using xylan- or cellulose-based nanoparticle carriers for ester prodrugs (Note: A prodrug is a medication that is administered in an inactive or less than fully active form and is converted to its active form through normal body metabolic processes.)


Professor Derek Gray of McGill University (Canada) is being awarded with the 2013 Marcus Wallenberg Prize. The Marcus Wallenberg Prize is to recognize, encourage and stimulate path breaking scientific achievements which contribute significantly to broadening knowledge and to technical development within fields of importance to forestry and forest industries.

Standing close to the Vasa, a 333-year old wooden ship, and a Stockholm treasure, Professor Gray gave a brief presentation to the 2013 Nano Conference attendees on the history of nanocellulose, highlighting key publications, important properties, and scaling up of production.

Professor Gray will be presented the prize by His Majesty, the King of Sweden at a ceremony on 23 September 2013. A symposium on the award-winning theme and its importance to the forest industry and society will be held on 24 September 2013. Visit for more information.


The Student Poster Competition provides an opportunity for students to be recognized for their research efforts. This year's competition and cash prize was sponsored by Verso Paper Corp (USA). Posters were reviewed by a team of judges, who evaluated the objective of the work, experimental plan, layout and presentation of results, and conclusions.

2013 Student Poster Winners are:

First Place - Christina Schütz, Wallenberg Wood Science Center, Royal Institute of Technology and Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University (Sweden).
Carbon Aerogels from Bacterial Nanocellulose as Anodes for Lithium Ion Battery

Second Place - Virginie Bigand, Grenoble INP Pagora - LGP2 (France).
Use of Different Quality of MFC for Producing Controlled Release Films

Third Place - Assya Boujemaoui, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden).
Nanostructured Biocomposite Materials of poly-?-caprolactone and High Surface Area Nanopaper
No photo available


TAPPI's is pleased to announce the release of TAPPI Press's new book:

Production and Applications of Cellulose Nanomaterials, 2013
Editors: Michael T. Postek (National Institute of Standards and Technology), Robert Moon (USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory), Michael Bilodeau (University of Maine), Alan Rudie (USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory)

Over 100 short technical summaries provide the state-of-the-art in the preparation, characterization, and applications of cellulose nanomaterials. Researchers from 45 institutions in 10 countries summarize research advances for obtaining and using these unique materials. Applications include coatings, films, medical and optical uses, and composites, liquid gels and aerogels. Health and safety issues are also addressed. The first edition includes actual cellulose nanocrystals in the overcoat varnish of the cover.

Several preview copies were on display in Stockholm, and copies are now available for purchase.

Division Chairman Sean Ireland thanked two of the books editors that were on site at the conference: Dr. Robert Moon, and Dr. Alan Rudie. The book's two additional editors, Dr. Michael Postek and Mr. Michael Bilodeau, were not able to attend the conference.


Conference presentations are now available to all attendees! Attendees have received a link to download presentations. This link will expire on November 12, 2013. If you attended and did not receive the link, please contact Ben Hopper at

After the link expires, individual presentations will be available on the TAPPI website for purchase.


For the third year, participants gathered to discuss and coordinate standards development to support the commercial use of cellulose nanomaterials. TAPPI's International Nanotechnology Standards Coordination Committee (INSCC) has hosted a series of working sessions to facilitate cooperation and knowledge sharing. The primary role of the INSCC is to facilitate communication among the many standards-developing organizations, and to coordinate efforts.

An update on the TAPPI Standard on Terminology was given. This should go to ballot within the next few months. Updates were also provided on activities in the International Organization for Standardization ISO TC 229 and ISO TC 6 communities. The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) also gave an update on their efforts to develop a national standard for Canada.

In a concurrent session, experts interested in the development of Environment, Health & Safety standards met to discuss their work to date. Efforts are ongoing in collecting sample protocols, identifying existing standards that may be applicable and identifying priorities for standards development. The group agreed that the most immediate need is for standardized methods to measure nanocellulose in air in the workplace. If you are interested in joining this working group, please contact Jo Anne Shatkin at


The Nano Division is honored to announce the co-chairs for the 2014 International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials. The conference will be held in 23-26 June 2014 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

The 2014 Conference Co-Chairs are:
Akira Isogai, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan), Orlando Rojas, NCSU (USA) and Wadood Hamad, FPInnovations (Canada)

Stay Tuned for more program details and the Call for Papers!


TAPPI's International Nanotechnology Division provides a global forum for the community of individuals, organizations, and institutions interesting advancing research, promoting nanomaterials, and supporting commercialization.

We want your help! If you are interesting in joining the Nano Division and becoming an active participant in these effort, please email your contact information to or contact Lisa Stephens at +1 770 209-7313.

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